Conditions Treated

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Swedish Maxillofacial Surgery

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Surgeons at the Swedish Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic diagnose and treat a variety of conditions related to the mouth, jaw and face in adults, teens and children. Many of the conditions diagnosed and treated at the clinic require some type of surgery.

Our maxillofacial surgeons do not offer routine dental procedures, such as wisdom teeth extraction, tooth extraction or dental implants, unless they are associated with surgical reconstruction to treat malocclusions, trauma, cancer or benign tumor removal.

Conditions we treat include:

Abnormal Jaw Growth

  • Under bite: Lower jaw and chin (mandible) are significantly further back than the upper jaw (maxilla).
  • Over bite: Weak chin due to lower jaw being too small.
  • Gummy smile: Gums are visible during a smile.
  • Open bite: Front or back teeth do not touch, causing difficulty chewing.
  • Asymmetry: Face and/or jaws are crooked due to under- or over-growth of one jaw.
  • Congenital abnormalities: Conditions that have been present since birth.

Learn about treatments for abnormal jaw growth

Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome

  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS) and snoring are sleep disorders that respond to surgery. In OSA and UARS, a narrow or collapsed airway between the nose and vocal cords can reduce oxygen to the body and interrupt sleep. The resulting sleepiness may lead to lack of energy, weight gain, trouble at work or school and car accidents.
  • Untreated OSA can lead to heart disease, stroke, hypertension, diabetes, depression, fibromyalgia and chronic pain.

Learn about treatment for OSA and UARS

Trigeminal Nerve Injury

  • The trigeminal nerve is the nerve responsible for sensations in the face and mouth.
  • Injury to the trigeminal nerve may cause a numb lip, chin or tongue.
  • Trigeminal nerve injury may occur as a result of a tooth extraction, dental implant, root canal, trauma or orthognathic surgery.

Learn about treatment for trigeminal nerve injury

Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorder

  • The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) connects the skull and lower jaw. There is a TMJ in front of each of your ears.
  • Symptoms of a TMJ disorder may include pain, difficulty opening your mouth, a change in your bite and headaches.
  • Causes may include: disc disorders, arthritis, injury, growth abnormalities, ankyloses, malocclusion, teeth grinding, or cancerous or non-cancerous tumors.
  • Swedish maxillofacial surgeons only offer surgical treatment for TMJ disorders. Surgery is a reasonable initial treatment for many TMJ disorders, except disc disorders and arthritis.
  • People with TMJ disc disorders or arthritis typically improve without surgery. Therefore, we require patients with a disc disorder or arthritis to first seek care from a dentist, primary-care provider, or otolaryngologist (ear, nose and throat specialist). Nonsurgical care may include: mouth guards, physical therapy, orthodontics (braces), acupuncture, chiropractor care, and anti-inflammatory or arthritis medications. If the patient does not improve after attempting these nonsurgical treatments, the provider can refer the patient to our clinic for a surgical evaluation.

Learn about surgical treatment for TMJ disorders

Impacted Teeth

  • Teeth that do not come through the gum at the appropriate time.

Learn about treatment for impacted teeth

Jaw Reconstruction

  • Creating new jaws or correcting the position of the jaws after trauma, cancer or benign tumors, or as a treatment for osteonecrosis.

Learn about jaw reconstruction

Facial Injury

  • Broken upper or lower jaw.
  • Injury to the bone surrounding the eye, cheek bone or forehead.
  • Malocclusion due to an injury to the jaw.
  • Repair of an acute injury or reconstruction of an old injury.

Learn about treatment for facial injuries

Oral Pathology

  • Lumps and bumps in the jaws, mouth and gums.
  • Non-cancerous (benign) lesions in children and adults.

Learn about oral pathology procedures