Online Resources

In addition to the information on structural heart and valve disease that we have made available on this website, many government agencies and non-profit organizations have information that may be helpful.

A reminder: Choose your sources wisely. When you research a medical topic online, always look for reliable sources that have a clear and professional connection to the topic you are interested in. Social media outlets and blogs may provide interesting insight into personal experiences, but the writers may not have the knowledge or experience that would make them experts.

Heart Information (multiple topics)

American Heart Association: 
Society of Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions: 

Heart Valve Disease

American Heart Association: Recognizing the Symptoms of Worsening Heart Valve Disease (link to: )
Healthline: Heart Valve Disorders 
MedicineNet: Get the Facts on Heart Valve Disease 
National Heart Lung Blood Institute: What is Heart Valve Disease
WebMD: An Overview of Heart Valve Disease 

Left Atrial Appendage

Society of Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions: Benefits and Risks of Left Atrial Appendage Closure 

Septal Defects

American Heart Association: Atrial Septal Defect 
American Heart Association: Ventricular Septal Defect 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Facts about Ventricular Septal Defect 
MedicineNet: Ventricular Septal Defect
MedlinePlus: Atrial Septal Defect 
Medscape: Ventricular Septal Defect