The renowned neurosurgeons at the Swedish Neuroscience Institute use a wide range of innovative treatments to treat neurological disorders. These are among the most widely used:
- Interventional neuroradiology is the treatment of disorders of the blood vessels of the neck and brain (cerebrovascular disease) from inside the blood vessels. It is also called endovascular neurosurgery. A growing number of patients with diseases or disorders of the blood vessels of the neck, head and spine can be treated safely and effectively using devices within the blood vessels (endovascular). Common endovascular therapies include angioplasty (opening a narrowed artery with a balloon) and treatment of aneurysms. The region’s premier interventional neuroradiologists practice at the Swedish Neuroscience Institute.
- Neurostimulation delivers low-voltage electrical stimulation to the spinal cord or targeted peripheral nerve to block the sensation of pain.
- Minimally invasive spine surgery is the performance of surgery through small incisions, usually with the aid of microscopes or endoscopic visualization (i.e., very small devices or cameras designed for viewing internal portions of the body).
- Microsurgery uses microscopes and miniaturized precision instruments to perform intricate procedures on very small structures.
- Stereotactic radiosurgery is the very precise delivery of radiation to a brain tumor, sparing the surrounding normal brain. This is achieved by letting a large number of beams all focus simultaneously at the affected area. Stereotactic radiosurgery offers an important alternative to more invasive treatments. The gamma knife is one type of stereotactic radiosurgery and was the first to be used in clinical applications.