Most men diagnosed with prostate cancer experience no symptoms and most early-stage prostate cancers are discovered during routine screening, such as a prostate-specific antigen test (PSA) or digital rectal exam (DRE).
If the tumor becomes larger, the following symptoms may appear.
- Frequent urination, including the need to get up often during the night to urinate
Hesitancy in starting the flow of urine or inability to urinate (urinary retention)
Loss of force of the stream of urine
Pain or discomfort while urinating
Pain with ejaculation
Blood in the urine or semen
Back pain or bone pain that is new and unexplained by recent injury or increased activity
Incontinence of bowel or bladder contents
These symptoms can also indicate a noncancerous condition, such as benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see your family physician or a urologist.
Screening and Diagnosis