A Trial Comparing Single Agent Melphalan to Carmustine, Etoposide, Cytarabine, and Melphalan as a Preparative Regimen for Patients With Multiple Myeloma Undergoing High Dose Therapy Followed by Autologous Stem Cell Reinfusion (BEAM)

The work proposed herein aims to provide the first prospective, randomized comparative efficacy data between Melphalan and BEAM treatment regimen in the Multiple Myeloma (MM) patient population. The risk of such a study is deemed reasonable and ethical since: a) previous works have closely examined the safety and toxicity of the BEAM regimen and the doses to be delivered in this protocol are well below the toxicity levels; b) phase III trials of BEAM have provided reasonable data regarding the efficacy in lymphomas c) Early, retrospective data suggests that BEAM may be efficacious in MM however due to the lack of prospective controlled randomized clinical trial, there is adequate equipoise regarding its efficacy and moreover its comparative efficacy in relation to Melphalan and; D) there are known limitations in the standard-of-care for MM, Melphalan, namely, relatively low rates of complete response at the time of Autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) and poor progression free survival.
July 30, 2018
Cancer, Cancer (Hematology) - Multiple Myeloma / Plasma Cell Malignancies, Multiple Myeloma
William Bensinger, MD
Swedish Medical Center

Swedish Cancer Institute

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients who have a new diagnosis of MM according to the International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) working criteria undergoing autologous or syngeneic hematopoietic transplantation

    According to these criteria, the following must be met:

    1. Monoclonal plasma cells in the bone marrow > 10% (or proven plasmacytic infiltration in bone marrow biopsy) and/or presence of a biopsy-proven plasmacytoma.
    2. Monoclonal protein (M-protein) present in the serum and/or
    3. Myeloma-related organ dysfunction (1 or more) of the following. A variety of other types of end-organ dysfunctions can occasionally occur and lead to a need for therapy: - [C] Calcium elevation in the blood, defined as serum calcium > 10.5 mg/dl or upper limit of normal [R] Renal insufficiency (defined as serum creatinine above normal) [A] Anemia, defined as hemoglobin < normal - [B] Lytic bone lesions or osteoporosis. If a solitary (biopsy-proven) plasmacytoma or osteoporosis alone (without fractures) are the sole defining criteria, then > 30% plasma cells are required in the bone marrow
  2. Patients must have received initial therapy for MM; at least 2 cycles with a minimum of partial response as defined by IMWG guidelines.
  3. Age >=18, < 70years.
  4. Karnofsky >70.
  5. Life expectancy is not severely limited by concomitant illness based on the Hematopoietic Cell Transplant Comorbidity Index (HCT-CI) [8, 9] including:

    1. Left ventricular ejection fraction >50%. No uncontrolled arrhythmias or symptomatic cardiac disease.
    2. FEV1, FVC and DLCO >50%. No symptomatic pulmonary disease.
    3. HIV-negative.
    4. Bilirubin <2 mg/dl, SGPT <2.5 x normal.
    5. Creatinine clearance > 50 cc/min, estimated or measured.
  6. Proficient in English
  7. Signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pregnant or lactating females
  2. Limited verbal or reading English proficiency
  3. Insufficient cognitive or comprehensive capability to provide informed consent
  4. Uncontrolled infection
  5. Planned tandem autologous/reduced intensity allograft
  6. Insufficient peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) in storage for an autologous transplant (<4.0 x 106 CD34+ cells/kg total).
  7. Prior autologous transplant.
  8. Patients unwilling to practice adequate forms of contraception if clinically indicated. Male patients on study need to be consulted to use latex condoms even if they have had a vasectomy every time they have sex with a woman who is able to have children
  9. Patients with history of seizures
  10. Prior history of another malignancy with a life expectancy of <3 years.
  11. Known amyloidosis
  12. Uncontrolled CNS myeloma
  13. Anesthesia Society of America Physical Status (ASA PS) of 4 or greater

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