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Boston University Medical Center. The History of Tobacco. 2013 [July 15, 2013]; Available from:
Proctor R. Golden holocaust : origins of the cigarette catastrophe and the case for abolition. Berkeley: University of California Press; 2011.
Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on Reducing Tobacco Use: Strategies Barriers and Consequences., Bonnie RJ, Stratton KR, Wallace RB. Ending the tobacco problem : a blueprint for the nation. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2007. xvi, 371 p. p.
American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts and Figures 2010. [July 15, 2013]; Available from:
American Cancer Society. Questions About Smoking, Tobacco, and Health. 2013 [July 15, 2013]; Available from:
Better Health Channel Fact Sheet, Smoking-effects on your body. 2013 [July 15, 2013]; Available from:
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. About Tobacco. 2013 [July 1, 2013]; Available from:
Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Tips From Former Smokers. 2013 [July 1, 2013]; Available from:
Mayo Clinic. Nicotine Dependence. 2013 [July 1, 2013]; Available from:
American Cancer Society. Guide to Quitting Smoking. 2013 [July 1, 2013]; Available from:
National Institutes of Health, Medline Plus. Nicotine and Tobacco. 2013 [July 1, 2013]; Available from:
Kmietowicz Z. Doctors told to treat nicotine addiction as a disease. BMJ. 2000;320(7232):397. Epub 2000/02/11.
Action on Smoking and Health. Nicotine and Addiction. 2013 [July 15, 2013]; Available from:
National Institute on Drug Abuse. Tobacco Addiction. [updated 2012July 15, 2013]; Available from:
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Nicotine Addiction and Your Health. [July 15, 2013]; Available from:
National Institute of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse. How Does Tobacco Deliver Its Effects? 2013 [July 1, 2013]; Available from:
National Institute of Health. Cravings. [July 15, 2013]; Available from:
National Institute of Health NCI. How To Handle Withdrawal Symptoms and Triggers When You Decide To Quit Smoking. [July 1, 2013]; Available from:
Prescriber's Letter. Smoking Cessation: Pharmacotherapy for Kicking the Habit.2010,(226).
Prescriber's Letter. Clearing the Air: How to Help Patients Quit Smoking.2012(225).
Live Strong. Stages of Change and Smoking Cessation. 2013 [July 1, 2013]; Available from:
National Institute of Health. Reasons to Quit. 2013 [July 1, 2013]; Available from:
National Institute of Health. Smoke Free Women, Quit Smoking. [July 1, 2013]; Available from:
National Cancer Institute. Cigarette Smoking: The Health Risks and How to Quit. [July 1, 2013]; Available from:
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Secondhand Smoke. [July 15, 2013]; Available from:
National Institute of Health. Tobacco Addiction, Are There Effective Treatments for Tobacco Addiction? [July 15, 2013]; Available from:
Nationally Accredited College of Hypnotherapy. Hypnosis and Smoking Cessation, Quit Smoking Using Hypnotherapy. [July 15, 2013]; Available from:
American Cancer Society. Acupuncture. [July 15, 2013]; Available from:
White AR, Rampes H, Campbell JL. Acupuncture and related interventions for smoking cessation. Cochrane database of systematic reviews. 2006(1):CD000009. Epub 2006/01/27.
A. Goodman, Jordan. Tobacco in History and Culture: An Encyclopedia (Detroit: Thomson Gale, 2005).
B. McLaughlin I, Dani JA, De Biasi M. Nicotine Withdrawal. Current topics in behavioral neurosciences. 2015;24:99-123. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-13482-6_4.
C. National Institute of Health: Division of Cancer Control & Population Sciences. Managing Withdrawl. [September 16, 2016]; Available from:
D. Tang Y-Y, Tang R, Posner MI. Brief meditation training induces smoking reduction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2013;110(34):13971-13975. doi:10.1073/pnas.1311887110.