IBD can be categorized into ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. Though there are clear differences between the two, they are closely related and sometimes difficult to distinguish.
Ulcerative colitis is a condition where inflammation affects the most superficial layer of the large intestine (colon). It typically starts at the rectum and can involve a varying amount of the colon. In contrast, the inflammation of Crohn’s disease can affect all layers of the intestine and can involve any area of the gastrointestinal tract – from the mouth to the anus. The type of inflammation seen in Crohn’s disease may lead to long-term complications such as strictures or fistulas (abnormal connections to other organs) that are typically not ...
IBS is a chronic condition of the digestive system that is not generally associated with more concerning findings of anemia, weight loss, family history of colorectal cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, or celiac disease. Symptoms of IBS include abdominal discomfort, constipation and diarrhea. Despite extensive research, no common cause of IBS has been identified. Some theories include:
As we head into the final months before the law’s final compliance date, I thought I’d highlight a few other key points about this brand new law:
1. No symbols needed. The law does not require or recommend manufacturers use any particular symbol or food label, but if a label should include any of the following phrases, compliance must be ensured:
• “Free of gluten”
• “No gluten”
• “Without gluten”
2. It’s voluntary. A manufacturer may produce gluten-free foods, but just choose not to label them as such.
3. “Gluten-free” does not mean “zero gluten”. The new law defines "gluten-free" to mean that a food contains less than 20 parts per million (20 ppm) of gluten. (This tiny amount can be visualized as less than a tenth of a grain of salt on a slice of bread, and is acceptable as the standard for people with celiac disease).
4. As with any rule, there are exceptions. Although ...
Patients may have seen a health care provider in the past and told that there is no treatment, that treatments were not effective, or not worthwhile due to side effects. Patients have been reluctant to seek treatment because they have heard about the terrible side effects associated with treatment, including flu-like symptoms, fatigue, depression, muscle aches, rashes, etc, lasting up to a year.
However, this is a pivotal time for hepatitis C patients because treatment has improved by leaps and bounds. In late 2013, two ...
Oropharyngeal dysphagia is related to problems with the initiation of the swallows and clearing the food bolus from the mouth to the esophagus. This usually occurs within a second of swallowing and you may feel that you cannot initiate a swallow or food hangs up in the neck region. A test that is commonly used to evaluate this is a modified barium swallow or videofluoroscopic swallowing study. This study provides critical information on inability or excessive delay in initiation of swallowing, unintentional inhalation of food, unintentional expulsion of food from the nose or mouth, and/or abnormal retention of food in the back of the throat after swallowing. Most ...
Gluten is a hot topic these days, and is hitting the headlines again. Why? At the American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology annual meeting, Dr. David Stukus (a pediatric allergist) set out to clarify frequent myths that he encounters in his practice. So, why is he saying that gluten allergies do not exist?
Gluten is a protein found in foods processed from wheat and related grain products. In celiac sprue (affecting up to 1% of adults), gluten intake leads to damage of the small intestine, impairing its ability to absorb nutrients. I like to imagine that a healthy small intestine is like a shag carpet, and small intestine affected by active celiac sprue is more like a tile floor. Celiac sprue is not a gluten allergy, but rather an autoimmune condition where the gluten is triggering an inflammatory response in the body.
Studies find that ...
People often fear the worst about constipation. Constipation is very common and only rarely signifies something serious. Just because the average person has a bowel movement daily doesn’t mean you have to—if normal for you is every 3, 5, or 7 days that is okay so long as it’s not adversely affecting your life. In many cases, people with constipation struggle with it all their lives and are looking to be certain nothing more serious is going on and for a way to treat their symptoms. Even in people with relatively new onset of constipation, there usually is a simple solution. It is certainly reasonable to have your constipation assessed but in the absence of other warning signs for more serious disease, additional testing related to constipation is not always essential.
What are the causes of constipation?
- Most cases of constipation are caused by colonic inertia, which is simply a slow moving colon. Different people are made differently, and the muscles and nerves that are supposed to act in concert to push stool along just work a little slower in people with constipation. In such cases, if we could look at the colon under the microscope it would look normal but if we took an x-ray of how quickly it pushed stool through, it would on average move things along more slowly.
Pelvic floor dysfunction
- If ...