The great wisdom traditions teach us that internal reflection is a useful means to grow. Reflecting upon that. I thought that we could spend some time reviewing a technique of external reflection in rehabilitation known as mirror therapy. This was first described in 1995 by Ramachandran and his team who studied phantom limb pain.
Many concepts in multiple sclerosis (MS) rehabilitation come from stroke and pain rehabilitation fields. There is evidence in these fields that supports the use of mirror therapy to help rehabilitation of the weaker side. It also helps reduce neuropathic pain in patients who have phantom limb ( arm or leg) pain after an amputation.
There is very limited published research on the use of mirror therapy in MS. We think that adding this type of therapy in the care of MS patients might be beneficial to reduce pain and weakness, and perhaps reduce "learned disuse" of the limb.
A brief summary of how to perform Mirror therapy is the following: